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Use the CREATE INDEX command to construct an index on a table or a materialized view.


CREATE INDEX [ IF NOT EXISTS ] index_name ON object_name ( index_column [ ASC | DESC ], [, ...] )
[ INCLUDE ( include_column [, ...] ) ]
[ DISTRIBUTED BY ( distributed_column [, ...] ) ];


Parameter or clauseDescription
IF NOT EXISTSThis clause is used to check if an index with the specified name already exists before creating a new index. If the index already exists, the clause prevents an error from occurring and the index creation operation is skipped. A notice is issued in this case. Note that there is no guarantee that the existing index is anything like the one that would have been created. Index name is required when IF NOT EXISTS is specified.
index_nameThe name of the index to be created.
object_nameThe name of the table or materialized view where the index is created.
index_columnThe name of the column on which the index is created.
DESCSort the data returned in descending order.
INCLUDE clauseSpecify the columns to include in the index as non-key columns.
  • An index-only query can return the values of non-key columns without having to visit the indexed table thus improving the performance.
  • If you omit the INCLUDE clause, all columns of the table or materialized view will be indexed. This is recommended in RisingWave.
  • If you only want to include the index_column, use CREATE INDEX ON object_name(index_column) INCLUDE(index_column);.
  • See How to decide which columns to include for more information.
DISTRIBUTED BY clauseSpecify the index distribution key.
  • As a distributed database, RisingWave distributes the data across multiple nodes. When an index is created, the distribution key is used to determine how the data should be distributed across these nodes.
  • If you omit the DISTRIBUTED BY clause, the first index column will be be used as the default distribution key.
  • distributed_column has to be the prefix of index_column.
  • See How to decide the index distribution key for more information.


Let's create two tables, customers and orders.

CREATE TABLE customers (
c_custkey INTEGER,
c_name VARCHAR,
c_address VARCHAR,
c_nationkey INTEGER,
c_phone VARCHAR,
c_acctbal NUMERIC,
c_mktsegment VARCHAR,
c_comment VARCHAR,
PRIMARY KEY (c_custkey)

o_orderkey BIGINT,
o_custkey INTEGER,
o_orderstatus VARCHAR,
o_totalprice NUMERIC,
o_orderdate DATE,
o_orderpriority VARCHAR,
o_clerk VARCHAR,
o_shippriority INTEGER,
o_comment VARCHAR,
PRIMARY KEY (o_orderkey)

If you want to speed up the query of fetching a customer record by the phone number, you can build an index on the c_phone column in the customers table.

CREATE INDEX idx_c_phone on customers(c_phone);

SELECT * FROM customers where c_phone = '123456789';

SELECT * FROM customers where c_phone in ('123456789', '987654321');

If you want to speed up the query of fetching all the orders of a customer by the customer key, you can build an index on the o_custkey column in the orders table.

CREATE INDEX idx_o_custkey ON orders(o_custkey);

SELECT * FROM customers JOIN orders ON c_custkey = o_custkey
WHERE c_phone = '123456789';

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