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Set up a RisingWave cluster in Kubernetes

This article will help you use the Kubernetes Operator for RisingWave (hereinafter ‘the Operator’) to deploy a RisingWave cluster in Kubernetes.

The Operator is a deployment and management system for RisingWave. It runs on top of Kubernetes and provides functionalities like provisioning, upgrading, scaling, and destroying the RisingWave instances inside the cluster.


Create a Kubernetes cluster


The steps in this section are intended for creating a Kubernetes cluster in your local environment.
If you are using a managed Kubernetes service such as AKS, GKE, and EKS, refer to the corresponding documentation for instructions.


  1. Install kind.

    kind is a tool for running local Kubernetes clusters using Docker containers as cluster nodes. You can see the available tags of kind on Docker Hub.

  2. Create a cluster.

    kind create cluster
  3. Optional: Check if the cluster is created properly.

    kubectl cluster-info

Deploy the Operator

Before the deployment, ensure that the following requirements are satisfied.

  • Docker version ≥ 18.09
  • kubectl version ≥ 1.18
  • For Linux, set the value of the sysctl parameter net.ipv4.ip_forward to 1.


  1. Install cert-manager and wait a minute to allow for initialization.

  2. Install the latest version of the Operator.

    kubectl apply --server-side -f
    If you'd like to install a certain version of the Operator

    Run the following command to install a specific version instead of the latest version.

    # Replace ${VERSION} with the version you want to install, e.g., v0.4.0
    kubectl apply --server-side -f${VERSION}/risingwave-operator.yaml

    Compatibility table


    You can find the release notes of each version here.


    The following errors might occur if cert-manager is not fully initialized. Simply wait for another minute and rerun the command above.

    Error from server (InternalError): Internal error occurred: failed calling webhook "": failed to call webhook: Post "https://cert-manager-webhook.cert-manager.svc:443/mutate?timeout=10s": dial tcp connect: connection refused

    Error from server (InternalError): Internal error occurred: failed calling webhook "": failed to call webhook: Post "https://cert-manager-webhook.cert-manager.svc:443/mutate?timeout=10s": dial tcp connect: connection refused

  3. Optional: Check if the Pods are running.

    kubectl -n cert-manager get pods
    kubectl -n risingwave-operator-system get pods

Deploy a RisingWave instance

When deploying a RisingWave instance, you can choose from multiple object storage options to persist your data. Depending on the option you choose, the deployment instructions are different.

Optional: Customize the state store directory

You can customize the directory for storing state data via the spec: stateStore: dataDirectory parameter in the risingwave.yaml file that you want to use to deploy a RisingWave instance. If you have multiple RisingWave instances, ensure the value of dataDirectory for the new isntance is unique (the default value is hummock). Otherwise, the new RisingWave instance may crash. Save the changes to the risingwave.yaml file before running the kubectl apply -f <...risingwave.yaml> command. The directory path cannot be an absolute address, such as /a/b, and must be no longer than 180 characters

RisingWave supports using Amazon S3 as object storage for persistent data.


  1. Create a Secret with the name s3-credentials.

    kubectl create secret generic s3-credentials --from-literal AccessKeyID=${ACCESS_KEY} --from-literal SecretAccessKey=${SECRET_ACCESS_KEY}
  2. On the S3 console, create a bucket with the name risingwave in the US East (N. Virginia) (us-east-1) region.

  3. Deploy a RisingWave instance with S3 as the object storage.

    kubectl apply -f
    Click here if you wish to customize the name and region of the S3 bucket

    Before executing the above command, customize the S3 bucket according to your specific requirements by following these steps.

    1. Download the manifest file from the link above.

    2. Open the downloaded file and modify the necessary fields, such as the bucket name and region according to your preferences.

    3. Save the modified file to your local file system.

    4. Replace the URL in the command with the local file path of the modified manifest file and then run the command. For example:

      kubectl apply -f a.yaml      # relative path
      kubectl apply -f /tmp/a.yaml # absolute path

You can check the status of the RisingWave instance by running the following command.

kubectl get risingwave

If the instance is running properly, the output should look like this:

risingwave True etcd S3 30s

Connect to RisingWave

By default, the Operator creates a service for the frontend component, through which you can interact with RisingWave, with the type of ClusterIP. But it is not accessible outside Kubernetes. Therefore, you need to create a standalone Pod for PostgreSQL inside Kubernetes.


  1. Create a Pod.

    kubectl apply -f
  2. Attach to the Pod so that you can execute commands inside the container.

    kubectl exec -it psql-console -- bash
  3. Connect to RisingWave via psql.

    psql -h risingwave-frontend -p 4567 -d dev -U root

Now you can ingest and transform streaming data. See Quick start for details.

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