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Use dbt for data transformations

This guide provides instructions for using dbt to manage real-time data transformations in RisingWave.

Install the plugin

To use dbt to manage data in RisingWave, you need to install the dbt-risingwave plugin.

As a prerequisite, you need to have Python3 installed in your environment.

Run the following command to install the plugin:

python3 -m pip install dbt-risingwave

After the plugin is installed, run the following command to ensure risingwave shows up under plugins.

dbt --version

If you see something like below, the plugin is successfully installed:

- risingwave: 1.5.0 - Up to date!

Initiate a dbt project

Before you initial a dbt project, you need to ensure that RisingWave is installed and running. To learn about how to install and run RisingWave, see the topics under Run RisingWave.

You can initiate a dbt project by running the following command.

dbt init 

It will ask you to enter a project name, choose the database you like to use (risingwave), and specify other database configurations such as host name, port, user name, etc.

The default database configurations are:

  • host: localhost
  • port: 4566
  • user: root
  • database: dev

If you use different RisingWave configurations, please ensure that the configurations here match those in RisingWave.

Define dbt models

The dbt models for managing data transformations in RisingWave is similar to typical dbt sql models. The main differences are the materializations. We customized the materializations to fit the data processing model of RisingWave.

RisingWave accepts these four materializations:

  • table. Create a table. To use this materialization, add {{ config(materialized='table') }} to your model SQL files.
  • view. Create a view. To use this materialization, add {{ config(materialized='view') }} to your model SQL files.
  • ephemeral. This materialization uses common table expressions in RisingWave under the hood. To use this materialization, add {{ config(materialized='ephemeral') }} to your model SQL files.
  • materializedview. Create a materialized view. This materialization is corresponding to the incremental one in dbt. Since RisingWave is designed to use materialized view to manage data transformation in an incremental way, you don’t need to use the incremental materialization and can just use materializedview. To use this materialization, add {{ config(materialized='materializedview') }} to your model SQL files.

To learn about how to define SQL models in general, see SQL models.

Run dbt models

This step assumes that you have defined your dbt models.

Navigate to your project directory.

cd <your project name>

First, you can run dbt debug to check your connection to RisingWave.

dbt debug

If the connection is valid, you will see a "OK connection ok" mesage. In this case, you can run your models. Otherwise, please check ~/.dbt/profiles.yml to ensure your connection configurations are valid.

Run the following command to run your models.

dbt run

Example model file

Here is what is included in an example model file, my_first_dbt_model.sql:

{{ config(materialized='materializedview') }}

with source_data as (

select 1 as id
union all
select null as id


select *
from source_data

Additional reference

For details about building and deploying dbt models in general, plase refer to the dbt documentation.

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