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Sink data from RisingWave to Apache Doris

This guide describes how to sink data from RisingWave to Apache Doris. Apache Doris is an open-source real-time data warehouse suitable for online analytical processing (OLAP). For more information, see Apache Doris.

Prerequisites

  • Ensure that RisingWave can access the network where the Doris backend and frontend are located. For more details, see Synchronize Data Through External Table.

  • Ensure you have an upstream materialized view or source that you can sink data from. For more details, see CREATE SOURCE or CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW.

  • Ensure that for struct elements, the name and type are the same in Doris and RisingWave. If they are not the same, the values will be set to NULL or to default values. For more details on the struct data type, see Struct.

Syntax

CREATE SINK [ IF NOT EXISTS ] sink_name
[FROM sink_from | AS select_query]
WITH (
connector='doris',
connector_parameter = 'value', ...
);

Parameters

Parameter NamesDescription
typeRequired. Specify if the sink should be upsert or append-only. If creating an upsert sink, the table you are sinking to needs to have a UNIQUE KEY.
doris.urlRequired. The connection port for the frontend of Doris. This is not the MySQL connection port.
doris.usernameRequired. The user name of the Doris user.
doris.passwordRequired. The password associated with the Doris user.
doris.databaseRequired. The Doris database you want to sink data to.
doris.tableRequired. The Doris table you want to sink data to.
force_append_onlyOptional. If true, forces the sink to be append-only, even if it cannot be.
primary_keyOptional. The primary keys of the sink. Use ',' to delimit the primary key columns.

Examples

Create an append-only sink

To create an append-only sink, set type = 'append-only' in the CREATE SINK query.

CREATE SINK doris_sink FROM mv1
WITH (
connector = 'doris',
type = 'append-only',
doris.url = 'http://fe:8030',
doris.user = 'xxxx',
doris.password = 'xxxx',
doris.database = 'demo',
doris.table='demo_bhv_table',
force_append_only='true'
);

Create an upsert sink

To create an upsert sink, set type = 'upsert' in the CREATE SINK query. The Doris table must have a UNIQUE KEY when creating an upsert sink.

CREATE SINK doris_sink FROM mv1 
WITH (
connector = 'doris',
type = 'upsert',
doris.url = 'http://fe:8030',
doris.user = 'xxxx',
doris.password = 'xxxx',
doris.database = 'demo',
doris.table='demo_bhv_table',
primary_key = 'user_id'
);

Data type mapping

The following table shows the corresponding data types between RisingWave and Doris that should be specified when creating a sink. For details on native RisingWave data types, see Overview of data types.

In regards to decimal types, RisingWave will round to the nearest decimal place to ensure that its precision matches that of Doris. Ensure that the length of decimal types being imported into Doris does not exceed Doris's decimal length. Otherwise, it will fail to import.

Doris typeRisingWave type
BOOLEANBOOLEAN
SMALLINTSMALLINT
INTINTEGER
BIGINTBIGINT
FLOATREAL
DOUBLEDOUBLE
DECIMALDECIMAL
DATEDATE
STRING, VARCHARVARCHAR
No supportTIME
DATETIMETIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIME ZONE
No supportTIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE
No supportINTERVAL
STRUCTSTRUCT
ARRAYARRAY
No supportBYTEA
JSONBJSONB
BIGINTSERIAL
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